Cloud Science

Introduction: Summer is right around the corner so kids will spend a lot of time outside so lets introduce them to some weather activities! There are many different weather activities to try but I wanted to show a really hands on craft, so let’s get started!

Overview: Clouds are formed when water vapor evaporates and rises into the air from the ocean, lakes, and rivers below. The higher the water vapor goes the colder it becomes and condenses into water droplets. When all the water vapor condenses and comes together they form a cloud! The water droplets inside a cloud are always moving and bumping into each other. Sometimes, water droplets collide and join together then they form bigger water droplets. If these droplets reach at least 1/10 mm in size, they are big enough to fall to the ground as rain.

Materials: 

  • A glass jar                                        

    cloud in a jar

    Photo Credits: First Grade Roundup Blog

  • Water (tap or filtered is fine)
  • Shaving cream 
  • Blue food coloring (kids are literal learners so it will be easier for them to understand using the color blue to represent rain.)
  • A pipette (if the food coloring doesn’t come with one)

Activity:

  1. First fill the jar about three-quarters full with water. 

    Rain-cloud-in-a-jar-2 (1)

    Photo Credits: Gift of Curiosity blog

  2. Fill the rest of the jar with shaving cream to create a cloud on top of the water, then let it settle in place for a little while.
  3. Then drop some food coloring on top of the “cloud” until you see it on the bottom.
  4. As the “cloud’ fills up the food coloring will begin to fall out of the bottom creating a rain like effect!
  5. You can also use different colors for your rain cloud to create a rainbow!
  6. Now you have officially made it rain! thankfully this rainstorm didn’t require an umbrella though! (:

 

 

Image result for rain cloud in a jar

Photo Credits: Google Images

 

Questions to ask:

  1. What do you know about the water cycle? 
  2. Can you name the different types of clouds?
  3. How does rain happen?
  4. Where does rain come from?

 

Here are some other cool experiments to check out!

http://www.growingajeweledrose.com/2015/02/rock-candy-experiment.html

http://www.growingajeweledrose.com/2012/02/transform-those-valentines-day-flowers.html

http://www.sciencekids.co.nz/experiments/quicksand.html

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Bubble Science

Introduction: Many schools will have a three day weekend with Memorial Day coming up so there is plenty of free time on your hands! Making your own bubbles is always fun especially when they are made with science so lets get started!

Materials: 

  • Water                                      

    baby

    Photo Credits: Google Images

  • Baby shampoo                            
  • Package of unflavored gelatin (ex. Knox brand)
  • Corn syrup
  • Shallow baking dishes
  • Bubble-blowing materials, such as drinking straws, funnels, wire hangers etc.
  • Food coloring (optional)

Activity:

  • There are four different types of bubbles to make! You can make regular, bouncy, thick, and colorful bubbles.
  1. Regular all purpose bubbles- Begin by gently mixing one cup water to one cup baby shampoo with 1 tablespoon of sugar, and let the solution stand for a few hours. This solution is great for most bubble tricks, activities, and experiments. 
  2. Bouncy Jello Bubbles- Start by dissolving on package of unflavored gelatin into one cup of hot water (just boiled). Then add 1.5-2 ounces of glycerin, and 8.5 ounces of baby shampoo. Stir gently, the solution will turn to gel as it cools. Reheat it carefully in the microwave for about two minutes. The bubbles made from this will bounce off your clothes!
  3. Thick Bubbles- First mix 3 parts baby shampoo to one part water. When you make bubbles with this solution try to make a bubble inside of a bubble!
  4. Colorful bubbles- All you have to do to get colored bubbles is mix 1 drop of your choice of food coloring with the regular all purpose bubble solution. (Be careful they will stain you hands and clothes!) 
  • You can make your own bubble wands using by using pipe cleaners and shaping them however you want or you can cut up an old metal hanger and shape it too!

colored

Have fun and enjoy the bubbles!

Here are some other cool experiments and crafts to check out!

MAY We Make Slime?

Introduction: Slime is cool and fun for kids to play with and help make but they should know the science behind it! Slime is formed form two main ingredients polyvinyl alcohol (a main ingredient in washable school glue) and borate ion (which you can get from borax, sodium tetraborate, or boric acid).  When the chemical reaction takes place the attraction makes the two molecules form long chains, and tons of those chains together form the slime we love! Now lets make some slime!

Materials:                                                                            

Borax

Photo Credit: Google Images

  • Elmer’s Glue (clear, white, or glitter will do!)
  • Wooden Craft sticks
  • Green Food coloring (for the month of may!)
  • Glitter (optional)
  • Polyvinyl alcohol
  • Water
  • Disposable cups
  • Glow-in-the-dark paint
  • Borax powder
  • Zip-close sandwich bag
  • Measuring cup
  • Measuring spoons

 

Activity:

  1. Mix 3/4 teaspoon of polyvinyl alcohol and 1/2 cup of water in a disposable cup to create a PVA solution; set aside.
  2. Add 2 tablespoons of PVA solution to a sandwich bag and mix in 1/8 teaspoon of glow paint. Zip closed and squish around to combine well.

    GLUE

    Photo Credits: Google Images

  3. In a separate bag, combine 3/4 teaspoon of Borax powder with 1/2 cup of warm water, zip closed and mix by squishing until the powder won’t dissolve any further.
  4. In a new sandwich bag, combine two tablespoons of PVA solution with 2 teaspoons of Borax solution, zip closed and knead with fingers to combine.
  5. To make your goo glow, hold the bag up to the light, let it charge up and when the lights go off you’ll watch your DIY slime light up the night!
  6. You can add some glitter to make it sparkle if you want too!

 

Other Fun May Ideas:

Memorial day is coming up so here are some cool crafts and ideas to check out for a fun day!

https://theeducatorsspinonit.com/2012/05/sharing-memorial-day-with-kids.html

http://www.dltk-kids.com/usa/mwreath.htm

 

 

 

 

Mothers Day Flowers

Introduction: Moms always love a gift from their children and the best gift to give is a home made gift filled with love. Mothers day is a good time to make the day special for your mom and have a fun relaxing day. In this activity we will be learning about flowers and labeling the parts of a flower.

Materials:

  1. Colored construction paper.

    supplies

    Photo Credits: Google Images

  2. Scissors
  3. Markers
  4. Glue or tape
  5. Ruler
  6. A photo of you and mom!

 

Activity: 

  • Begin measuring the stem of the flower with a ruler and make it as big as you would like!
  • Cut out the stem and label it on the back.
  • Next trace your hands to create the petals
    tracing hand

    Photo Credits: Google Images

    of the flower. Then cut out the petals and label them on the back.

  • Cut a circle for the center of the flower and glue a picture of you and mom over the front of it!
  • Once you have all your parts cut out glue them together to make a flower!

 

Continuing the activity: 

  • On the stem of the flower write Happy Mothers Day!
  • On each of the petals write something you love to do with your mom.
  • Mothers day

    Photo Credits: The Crafty Crow

    Be ready for lots of hugs and kisses because mom is going to love your art work!

 

Questions: 

  1. Can you label the different parts of a flower?
  2. What are the 2 things flowers need to grow?
  3. Do you know what pollination is? What animals contribute to pollination?
  4. Do you know your moms favorite flower?

 

 

Check out some other cool mothers day ideas to try!

http://www.kiwicrate.com/projects/Clay-Charms/2146

http://blog.growingwithscience.com/2009/05/weekend-science-fun-mother%E2%80%99s-day-science-projects/

https://www.education.com/activity/article/faux-stained-glass-flower/

DIY Color Wheel

Introduction: Colors are everywhere and its always good to introduce kids to them all and how they can be mixed. In this experiment things are going to get a little…messy! Learning about primary colors and secondary colors is the goal today. Colors are always something fun to explore on a rainy day so lets get started.

Materials:                                  

rby-e1493211723937.jpg

Photo Credits: Google Images 

  1. 2 paper plates
  2. Scissors
  3. 1 split pin to connect the plates
  4. Different finger paint colors

Activity: 

  • First begin with one of the plates and cut it about 2 inches smaller than the other plate.
  • Then cut a small window out of the smaller plate so the colors can show through.
  • Cut a small hole in the center of the plates and place the split pin in the middle to connect the plates.
  • Take some finger paints and start mixing some colors!
color wheel

Photo Credits: Science sparks

(You can use markers like the Science Sparks post or if you like a little mess try some finger paints!)

Decorating and personalizing the color wheel is also fun so draw what you like! Rainbows, butterflies, and more!

 

Another crafty color idea wont hurt…right!?

If you are looking for something a bit messier try some hands on paint mixing! This will really get the kids involved, as long as you don’t mind a bit of a mess when its all done!

finger-paints-e1493211839791.jpg

Photo Credit: Google Images 

Materials: 

  1. Washable finger paints
  2. Large sheets of white paper
  3. Markers to label

 

Enjoy your color mixing and making!! 

 

 

 

Questions:

  1. What are the primary colors? How many are there?
  2. What are secondary colors?
  3. What color do you get when you mix red and blue?
  4. How can you make the color green?
  5. Can you find a way to make your favorite color with the three primary colors?

 

Here are some more cool color experiments to check out!

http://www.learning4kids.net/2015/06/16/exploring-mixing-primary-colours-activity/

http://amomwithalessonplan.com/science-experiment/

https://www.teachpreschool.org/2013/08/07/a-lesson-in-color-mixing/

 

 

Spring Chromatography

Introduction:  In this fun experiment for kids we’ll be exploring chromatography (the separation of mixtures). We’ll use coffee filters to separate the various pigments in markers to see how each color was created!

Materials needed:                                                

  • Non permanent markers

    draw-and-label

    Photo Credits: Buggy and Buddy Blog

  • White coffee filters
  • Pencil Cups for water
  • Black pipe cleaners

Part One:

  1. Begin with one coffee filter, take one marker and create thick circles around the center.
  2. Use pencil to label the colors so you know what colors work best at the end.
  3. Fold the coffee filter in half twice to make a cone shape.
  4. Get a small plastic Tupperware jar and gently place the tip of the cone into the water. (Don’t let the color touch the water only the uncolored tip of the filter!)
colors

Photo Credits: Fun Science Blog

 

Part Two:

  1. Sit and watch as the colors flow throughout the coffee filter.
  2. Repeat as many times as you want to get the desired look.
  3. When the water has reached the edge of the coffee filter, take them out of the jars and water.
  4. Gently place them somewhere safe to dry over night.

 

 

 

Creating butterflies:                                                                                

flies

Photo Credits: Buggy and Buddy Blog

  • Cut a black pipe cleaner in half
  • Take one dry colored filter and scrunch it in the middle
  • Tie and shape the pipe cleaner around the colored filter
  • Hang them up and enjoy!

Creating Flowers: 

  • Before starting the experiment cut a hole in the middle on the coffee filters
  • Continue with the original procedure
  • When the filters are dry fold them in half and then half again to shape the flowers
  • Cut and shape pipe cleaners to the size you want and enjoy your flowers!
flowers 2

Photo Credits: Red Ted Art Blog

 

Questions to ask:

  1. What is chromatography?
  2. What colors do you see?
  3. What one is your favorite?
  4. What colors worked better than others?
  5. Did anything surprise you during the experiment?

 

Hope you had lots of fun! Check out some of the sites below for more science fun!

 

 

Here are some other fun chromatography experiments to look at too!

http://buggyandbuddy.com/mixing-colors-color-array-using-a-tray-and-pipettes/

http://fun-science.org.uk/fun-science-flower-transpiration-experiment/

http://www.redtedart.com/color-mixing-tissue-paper-hearts/

https://www.education.com/activity/article/Color_Science_kindergarten/

Welcome to my blog!

I chose to make a blog about science because it is something that I have loved from a young age. My grandfather always had me outside since I could walk, learning about food chains and what animals eat/where they live.

A goal I have for my blog is to spread my love for science to younger kids and get them interested in it too. There are so many fun experiments to do that can gets kids interested in science and maybe they will grow up to love it too and peruse a field in it.

I am a high school senior and will be going to college next year to study Natural Resource conservation and management at Paul Smith’s college. From a young age I knew I wanted to have a career involving science and hope to be a future forest ranger.

I hope you enjoy what I post and have a fun time experimenting!

My Spring Book

Introduction: Spring is a great time to go outside and have kids explore the world as it grows before their eyes. Have them jot down some cool things they see when they go out and explore! Introducing kids to making books will also help them get excited about them and provides a great practice for creative writing.

SPRING BOOK

Photo credits Rediscovered family blog

Materials: 

  • Stickers
  • Stamps
  • Colored paper and white paper
  • Hole puncher or stapler
  • String
  • Crayons and markers
  • Scissors (regular and fun designed cut)
  • Glue
  • Glitter
  • Yarn or ribbons

 

 

Making the book:

The book can be as long as you want 2-5 pages or even 6-10! Have the kids fill the pages of what reminds them of spring, activities to do in the spring, or even what they see when they go outside. Question pages are fun too there are many plants to explore in the spring and how the plants grow or their basic biology. You could even do a page dedicated to the birds flying around.

Once the pages are full and in the desired order hole punch and tie them together with strong or yarn or if you choose to you can staple them together too.

Enjoy your books!

This isn’t just for spring!

Having kids make their own books is a good way to have them explore their creative side and different seasons of the year. You can make different books for summer, fall, and winter too.

Here are some other sites that have similar activities.

http://rediscoveredfamilies.com/making-mini-books/

 

 

Food Chains

Word of the week: photosynthesis a process in which plants use energy from the sun to make water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen.

Introduction:

food chain shows how energy is passed from the sun to plants which are then eaten by animals, who are then eaten by other animals,this process repeats until you reach the top of the food chain. 

food chain

Materials: 

  • Scissors
  • Glue and tape
  • Colored paper or cups
  • Coloring supplies

Activity:

  • First you have to choose your food chain and print them out. (you can add the sun too!)
  • Color and cut out the animals
  • Glue the animals  onto cups or if you use the colored paper you can roll them into different sizes and then glue the animals on.

Questions to ask: 

  1. Do you know what a carnivore is and can you pick them out of your food chain?
  2. Do you know what a herbivore is and can you find them in your food chain?
  3. What is an omnivore?
  4. What is a predictor?
  5. What is the difference between a food chain and a food web?

Related Posts:

The Science penguin has some creative and fun ideas too, check it out!

http://thesciencepenguin.com/2015/01/7-ideas-teach-ecosystems-food-webs.html

 

Skittle Science

Word of the week: diffusion the spreading of something more widely. (usually involves water.)

Introduction: This experiment is a fun and easy way for kids to explore science using candies that they love. It teaches them about diffusion and incorporates many other fun aspects of science for them to learn about.

skittlesimages

There are only a few supplies needed for this fun and colorful experiment.

  1. A bag of skittles or other colorful candies
  2. A plate or a clear container (preferably white)
  3. Room temperature water, warm water, and cold water.

How To:

  1. Set up the skittles around the perimeter of the plate or bowl
  2. Carefully pour water over the skittles or other candies (If they move push them back quickly!)
  3. Observe what happens to the colors

Why do the colors run?

Well, the skittles are covered in food coloring and sugar so when the water hits the surface they coloring and sugar dissolves causing the colors to spread through the water. This process is called diffusion! 

Questions to ask:

  1. How long does it take the colors to spread to the middle with room temperature water?
  2. How long does it take for the colors to spread using warm water vs. cold water? Is there a huge time difference?
  3. How could the reaction be sped up?
  4. Try other candies too! Are there any others that work as well as the skittles?